Monday, June 24, 2024




TIMELINE OF JEWISH HISTORY

First Part 1

1 Creation of Heaven and Earth, and Adam and Eve

[-3760 Gregorian Cal / Year 1 in the Jewish Calendar] Up to the Mabul [ -2105 Gregorian / 1656 Jewish Cal].

The Time of our Forefathers begins with the Birth of Eber a descendant of Shem [-2038 Gregorian / 1723 Jewish Cal ].

Abraham Avinu ; Birth of Abraham ben Terach [ -1813 Gregorian / 1948 Jewish Cal ] Ten years after Sarah Imenu was born in the year [ -1803 Gregorian / 1958 Jewish Cal ] She was one of the daughters of Haran). She marries Abraham 20 years after

In the year [ -1761 Gregorian / 2000 Jewish Cal ] Abraham migrated out of Ur Kasdim with his family with his father Terach; Noach past away 6 years after in 2006. 

In 2018 (1743) God made The covenant (Brit Bein Ha’Betarim) with Abraham Avinu. After 5 years living in the land of Israel, our troubles were born; as Abraham Avinu had a son with Hagar, the daughter of Pharaoh, she was the Maid of Sarah his wife. So in 2034 ( -1727) Ishmael (son of Abraham) was born, he would become the father of the Muslims.

Isaac (Yitzchak Avinu) - in 2048 (1713) God made an Eternal Covenant with Abraham Avinu, with the Brit Mila and reiterated the Promise of the Holy Land; Abraham along with Ishmael were circumcised and our second Forefather Isaac Avinu was born in the year 100 in the life of Abraham his father, a total miracle his mother Sarah was 90 years old. 

In that same year Sodom and Gomorrah along with 3 other cities were destroyed by fire from above, probably a Meteorite or a Comet; which turned the whole area into a Sea of salt (The Dead Sea).

Sarah Imenu Past away in 2084 ( -1677), on the day of the Akedah, 40 years after the birth of Isaac her son; which was brought on the altar by Abraham his father on that date.

Jacob Avinu - The third and greatest of the Forefathers was born in 2108 (-1653) together with his twin brother Esav. 15 years after his birth Abraham Avinu past away, and Shem the father of the Semites past away 50 years after the birth of Jacob.

Jacob managed to steal the blessing from his twin brother in 2171 (-1590); which set him off on the journey to become the father of the Jewish nation. His twin brother vowed to kill him, and so the second branch of Antisemitism was born, the first branch of antisemitism comes from Ishmael and his descendants (the Muslims); the second branch are believed to be the Western nations; which are the descendants of the twin brother of Jacob.

To avoid being killed by his brother, Jacob ran away to Haran in 2185 (-1576), while in Haran, Eber past away in 2187 (-1574); Eber was great-grandson of Shem.

Jacob married his twin cousins in 2192 (-1569); he wanted to marry Rachel, the youngest of the two siblings, but his uncle Laban forced him to marry Leah the first born also. He thought that he would be leaving Haran with one wife, but ended up with 4 wives, because both the maids of Rachel and Leah married him too. And these four women are the mothers of the 12 children that created to 12 Tribes of the Jewish nation.

PARASHAT SHELACH IN A NUTSHELL

Numbers 13:1–15:41


The name of the Weekly Torah reading portion is called Parashat "Shelach,", the word Shelach means "Send" and that biblical portion is found in Numbers 13:2. This event occurred in 2449 (-1312), it is the same year that Moshe came down Mount Sinai with the second set of Tablets and the portable temple called Mishkan was built. All these happened one year after crossing the Red Sea, which occurred in 2448

Moses sends twelve spies to the land of Canaan. Forty days later they return, carrying a huge cluster of grapes, a pomegranate and a fig, to report on a lush and bountiful land. But ten out of the 12 spies returned from Canaan with bad news, they warn that the inhabitants of the land were giants and warriors “more powerful than Jews; only Caleb and Joshua insist that the land can be conquered, as God has commanded.

On 10th of the month of Av in the year 2449, the people wept bitterly, and wanted to return to Egypt. Which cause God to be very angry, and He decrees that Israel’s entry into the land was to be delayed forty years, during which time that entire generation will die out in the desert. Because of that rebellious act, the Jewish people has had to endure tremendous suffering on that date all throughout Jewish History.

A group of remorseful Jews storm the mountain on the border of the land, and are routed by the Amalekites and Canaanites.

On this portion we also find, the laws of the Nesachim; these are the laws about Meal, wine and oil offerings, we also find the Mitzvah to consecrate a portion of the dough (Challah) to God when making bread. And this where we discover for the first time time that the penalty for desecrating Shabbat is death. A man violates the Shabbat by gathering sticks, and is put to death. God instructs to place fringes (Tzitzit) on the four corners of our garments, so that we should remember to fulfill the Mitzvot (divine commandments).










Prepared by:   Enerio Yochanan BENORINU
Torah-Mates